There are a variety of techniques used to analyze genomes. A few are listed below with a brief statement of purpose. Deeper explanations can be found by using the links in the More Details section below.
|PCR||Create many copies of DNA for further analysis|
|Southern Blot||To determine if the DNA between two samples matches at specific regions/genes.|
|Western Blot||To detect specific proteins and compare different samples.|
|Northern Blot||To detect RNA and compare different samples.|
Davidson Genomics - this is an excellent site to give you an overview of the many different techniques and technologies used in genomics.
Virtual Labs - an excellent set of virtual labs to show you what is happening inside the PCR machine, how a DNA microarray works, how to extract DNA, and what happens when you run a gel electrophoresis.